How best to save our farms
State business leaders point to our quality of life as a pillar of economic development. They understand that part of what will attract the high paying jobs they covet are those natural and historic assets that make us who we are.
The Rhode Island House Finance Committee is about to kill an important bond issue that would preserve funding for farmland and open space. The budget deficit wi ll be blamed, but simply, some members of the assembly no longer believe that agricultures contribution to the state is enough to merit the investment.
We can argue what are Rhode Islands best assets, but we cannot argue that foremost among them are farms and the open spaces they protect and preserve. Along with our beaches and nautical activities, people live and work here to experience many of the things that our lands provide.
Rhode Island agricultural activity generates $100 million annually. We rank second in the nation in per farm direct sales of fruits and vegetables while recognized as a leader in the region in turf grass and nursery stock production. Agriculture means local foods and greenery, farm stands and farmers markets, corn mazes and farm stays, and a unique diversity of landscapes and settings much of it protected by the conservation practices of farmers and landowners.
Not pulling their weight? Our farmers and/or their spouses, not only work the land, but may hold off-the-farm jobs as well that provide services to the rest of us. They are doctors and nurses, school bus drivers, builders and contractors, even state representatives and senators. Their passion for growing things, managing natural resources and trying to earn a living from them, does not come cheap and their contributions cannot be overestimated.
The timing could not be more out of synch with the significant investment being made here on several fronts. Rhode Island's farm viability initiative has spawned many of the projects that are growing agricultures assets and profile. Municipalities recognize that working farms encourage tourism the states second-largest industry and serve to counter balance the ever-expanding infrastructure and service costs associated with residential development. Non-profits, foundations and others are assisting farmers to develop new business enterprises, explore energy efficiency te chnologies, pr omote agritourism, run farmers markets, and expand distribution to restaurants and schools.
Can we afford to waste all that investment? If not, why the resistance from the state assembly?
For one, agriculture is undervalued and measuring our commodity output like the big farm states do is deceptive. The majority of Rhode Island farmers engage in directto consumer marketing and sell at retail rather than at wholesale to distributors. We do not receive large crop subsidies, but leverage significantly le ss sp ecialty cr op money to ensure diversity in our agricultural practices.
Secondly, while RIs agriculture touches many other sectors, we do not assess what economic benefits accrue from these multiplier effects to capture the true value of it to our health, food, quality of life, as well as to the economy.
Third, preservation has become a dirty word, though preservation is what we do. Its what were good at. And many believe that our farms and open spaces have value to our communities commensurate with the mansions to Newport.
Finally, the perception of agriculture as a charity case is partly self-inflicted. Fa rmers an d th ose of us who work with them have not resisted strongly enough the notion that Save the Farm is a cry for help, when farmers are not victims waiting to be saved and agriculture is not a disease waiting to be cured.
So how can we make good on our business credo while maximizing some of Rhode Island's best assets?
Make farmland and open space protection a permanent line item in the states budget. Establish a fiveyear plan for agricultural business development. Develop tax policies that encourage the farm generational continuity and town ordinances that encourage agricultural activity. In addition to preserving farmland, the philanthropic community can invest in those organizations that in turn assist farms and farmers.
One can imagine the scenario a few years hence if we dismantle the very assets upon which our quality of life rests: empty residential towers, abandoned industrial parks, and few new jobs to fuel the economy all because those who might have come here simply didn't want to live in a state that forgot who it was.
Editor's note: Stu Nunnery is the Director of the Rhode Island Center for Agriculture Promotion & Education (RICAPE) He can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.