From the State House
As a result of the tragedy, I introduced legislation in the House to create a task force on behavioral health and firearms safety. This joint House and Senate task force that I co-chair along with my colleague, Sen. Catherine Cool Rumsey, has been meeting regularly during the General Assembly’s off-session.
This 20-person task force is inclusive, consisting of members from the police, attorney general’s office, the mental health advocate, and substance-abuse agencies, as well as three gun owners from the Federated Rhode Island Sportsmen’s Club. Our collective charge is to review current mental-health laws and recommend a comprehensive approach to behavioral health and gun safety.
There’s a delicate balance between gun ownership, public safety and mental health. Currently, Rhode Island does report both local and national criminal backgrounds to the federal National Instant Criminal Background Check System. Rhode Island is one of 10 states, Massachusetts is another, that does not submit mental-health information to the federal NICS.
The focus of the task force, as defined by Rhode Island law, is to review different states’ approaches of compliance to NICS; propose recommendations and policy on how Rhode Island would comply; and make recommendations for a Relief for Disqualifiers Board so if someone is denied access they have legal recourse.
So, why does Rhode Island not provide mental-health information? What are other states’ best practices? How do we balance public safety with individual rights with respect to those with a mental disability? According to public testimony from the state Behavioral Healthcare Department, Rhode Island has a solid mentalhealth law that goes beyond the federal Health Information Public Privacy Act. Current mental law, drafted in 1975, prohibits disclosure of mental-health records unless a person or guardian relinquishes the right. Also, no person admitted or certified to any facility shall be deprived of any constitutional or civil rights.
Let’s be clear: a mental health diagnosis is not a predictor of violence. There are people with a mental disability who are not dangerous, just as there are people without a mental disability who are very dangerous.
We don’t want any “unintended consequences” of discouraging someone from seeking mentalhealth treatment for fear of having to relinquish their right to gun ownership. That could be a veteran returning from war with post-traumatic stress syndrome, or a first responder like a police officer who suffers mental trauma from having witnessed a horrific scene. At least one, if not more, police officers who responded to Sandy Hook Elementary are on mental disability and seeking treatment after seeing 5- and 6-year-old children murdered in their classrooms.
It’s more than tightening gun control – it’s augmenting programs to help the mentally ill. Rhode Island is a leader in gun laws, ranked eighth in the nation, even requiring background checks at gun shows.
Whether you’re in the NRA or PTA, no one wants innocent people killed. Since 2007, we’ve seen more than 26 mass shootings in this country. Tragedies like these shootings raise public consciousness. We need to look at the person, and not the gun, as we work to prevent these horrible tragedies from ever happening again.
State Rep. Deborah Ruggiero serves District 74 of Jamestown and Middletown in the R.I. House of Representatives. She is co-chairwoman of the joint Behavioral Health and Firearms Safety Task Force. Ruggiero can be reached at 423-0444 or firstname.lastname@example.org